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Coronavirus: Symptoms and how to protect yourself


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Symptoms of Coronavirus

Coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms may range from mild to severe. After exposure, it takes a period of 2-14 days for symptoms to progress. Symptoms may include the following:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

People having weakened immune systems may develop more severe symptoms, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. People may never advance signs and symptoms after being exposed to coronavirus (COVID-19). To date, the most confirmed cases are in adults; however, some children have been infected as well.

Know-How Coronavirus Spreads

  • Currently, there is no vaccine available to prevent coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19).
  • To avoid exposure to this virus is the best way to prevent this illness.
  • The virus mainly spreads from person to person.
    • Among people in close contact with one another (within around 6 feet).
    • Through respiratory droplets that are generated when an infected person sneezes or coughs.
  • These droplets can enter the noses or mouths of those who are nearby or may be inhaled into the lungs.

Take Steps to Protect Yourself

Clean Your Hands Repeatedly

  • Wash your hands repeatedly using soap and water for around 20 seconds, particularly after you have been in public places or after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose.
  • Avoid touching your nose, eyes, and mouth without washing your hands.
  • In case soap and water are not easily available, make use of a hand sanitizer which consists of at least 60% alcohol. Cover all your hand surfaces, and rub them together until these surfaces become dry.

Avoid Close Contact

  • Avoid close contact with sick people
  • Maintain a sufficient distance between yourself and other people in case COVID-19 is spreading in your area. This is specifically significant for those who are at higher risk of getting sick.

Take Steps to Protect Others

Stay Home If You Are Sick

  • If you are sick, stay home, except for getting medical care.

Cover Coughs and Sneezes

  • When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or use your elbow.
  • Immediately throw used tissues in the dustbin.
  • Instantly wash your hands using soap and water for around 20 seconds. If water and soap are not easily available, clean your hands using a hand sanitizer which consists of at least 60% alcohol.

Wear a Facemask If You Are Sick

  • If you are sick: Wear a facemask when you are around others (e.g., sharing a vehicle or room) and before entering a healthcare provider’s office. In case you are unable to wear a facemask (e.g., since it causes trouble in breathing), you should try to cover your sneezes and coughs. Besides, people who are caring for you should wear a facemask before entering your room.
  • If you are not sick: Not need to wear a facemask unless and until you are caring for the sick (and they are unable to wear a facemask). Facemasks should be saved for caregivers as they may be in short supply.

Clean and Disinfect

  • Clean and disinfect repeatedly touched surfaces every day. This includes doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, tables, desks, phones, toilets, faucets, sinks, and keyboards.
  • Clean the surfaces if they are dirty. Prior to disinfection, use detergent or soap and water.

To Disinfect:

Generally, EPA-registered household disinfectants will work well. Utilize disinfectants suitable for the surfaces.

Options include the following:

  • Diluting your household bleach.
  • In order to make a bleach solution, mix the following:
    • 5 tablespoons bleach per gallon of water


  • 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water

For application and proper ventilation, follow the instructions of the manufacturer. Check to make sure the item is not past its expiration date. Do not mix household bleach with ammonia (or any other cleanser). Household bleach which is unexpired will be effective against coronaviruses when appropriately diluted.

  • Alcohol solutions.
  • Make sure the solution contains at least 70% alcohol.
  • Other general EPA-registered household disinfectants.
  • Items with EPA-approved emerging viral pathogens claims are usually successful against COVID-19 depending on data for harder to destroy viruses. Obey all the instructions of the manufacturer for all disinfection and cleaning products (e.g., concentration, contact time and application mode).
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