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COVID-19: How Coronavirus Spreads and How You Can Protect Yourselves from COVID-19?

corona virus

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How Coronavirus Spreads?

  • Currently, no vaccine is available to prevent this dangerous coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
  • The best possible method to prevent this deadly disease is to avoid the exposure of this virus.
  • Mainly, this coronavirus spreads from person to person.
    • Between those people who are in close contact with each other (within a distance of around 6 feet).
    • Through respirational droplets that are generated when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Such droplets may land in the noses or mouths of those who are near them or perhaps be inhaled into the lungs.

Take these essential steps to protect yourself from coronavirus:

Clean your hands frequently

Hand wash
  • Wash your hands frequently using water and soap for at least 20 seconds particularly after you visit a public place, or after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, eyes, and nose without washing your hands.
  • In case water and soap are not easily available, make use of a hand sanitizer which consists of at least 60% alcohol. Just cover all the surfaces of your hands and rub these surfaces together until they become dry.

Avoid close contact with others

close contact
  • Avoid close contact with those who are unwell.
  • Maintain distance between yourself and others in case COVID-19 is spreading in your area. This is specifically vital for those who are at higher threat of getting sick.

Take These Essential Steps to Protect Others

Stay home if you are unwell

  • Stay home if you are unwell, apart from getting medical care.

Cover when you cough and sneeze

  • When you cough or sneeze, cover your nose and mouth using a tissue paper or by utilizing the inside of your elbow.
  • Throw used tissues immediately in the dustbin.
  • Instantly wash your hands using water and soap for at least 20 seconds. In case water and soap are not easily available, use a hand sanitizer that consists of at least 60% alcohol, to clean your hands.

Wear a facemask if you are sick

  • Always wear a facemask when other people are there around you (e.g., sharing a vehicle or room) and before entering the office of a healthcare provider. If you are unable to wear a facemask (e.g., since it leads to trouble breathing), you should always cover your sneezes and coughs, while those who are caring for you should wear a facemask whenever they enter your room.
  • You need not wear a facemask unless and until you are caring for the sick (and these people are unable to wear a facemask). Facemasks should be saved for caregivers as they may be in short supply.

Clean and disinfect

  • Clean and disinfect repeatedly touched surfaces every day. This entails doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, tables, desks, keyboards, toilets, phones, sinks, and faucets.
  • Clean the surfaces if they are dirty: Make use of soap or detergent and water before disinfection.

To disinfect:
Commonly found EPA-registered household disinfectants will be successful. Utilize disinfectants that are suitable for the surface.

Options include the following:

  • Dilute your household bleach.
    To prepare a bleach solution, mix either 5 tablespoons bleach per gallon of water or 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water.

Obey the instructions of the manufacturer for proper application and ventilation. Make sure the product is not past its expiry date. Do not mix household bleach with ammonia or any other kind of cleanser. Properly diluted household bleach will be successful against coronaviruses.

  • Alcohol solutions
    Make sure the solution contains at least 70% alcohol.
  • Other common EPA-registered household disinfectants.
    EPA-registered household disinfectants are generally effective against coronavirus depending on data for harder to destroy viruses. Obey all the instructions of the manufacturer for all disinfection and cleaning items (for instance, concentration, application mode, contact time and so on.)
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